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Palynology helps archaeologists find out what plant resources were available to ancient peoples and what the climate was at those times.Palynology was developed by Swedish botanist Lennart von Post. Pollen grains are produced in vast quantities by all plants, especially the wind-pollinated tree species.It marked a sudden and marked decline in elm pollen in contrast to other tree pollens.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: palaeobotany; prehistoric botany CATEGORY: related field DEFINITION: The study of ancient plant life and the remains of ancient or extinct plants.
This includes material which has no direct connection with man and his activities, and is thus less specific to archaeology than palaeoethnobotany or archaeobotany.
Coprolites only survive in exceptional circumstances -- arid, frozen, and occasionally waterlogged deposits.
They can be reconstituted by the addition of chemicals like trisodium phosphate, and can then be analyzed for their plant and animal remains.
The methods have varying applications, accuracy, range, and cost.
Many new techniques are being developed and tested..It is now attributed to disease from beetles causing Dutch elm disease though other explanations for the decline include climatic change and human interference.).All are studied in an attempt to recover the total environment of a past society and to understand man's impact on, and changes to, that environment.The outer skin (exine) of these grains is remarkably resistant to decay, and on wet ground or on a buried surface, it will be preserved, locked in the humus content.The pollen grains of trees, shrubs, grasses, and flowers are preserved in either anaerobic conditions or in acid soils.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pollen analysis CATEGORY: related field; technique DEFINITION: The study of fossil and living spores (of lichens and mosses) and pollen (of flowering plants); the technique through which the fossil pollen grains and spores from archaeological sites are studied.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating