Carbon dating illustration

Radiocarbon dating, a development in atomic physics, is a case in point.

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Furthermore, the presumption that radiocarbon dating is an "exact science" is erroneous and in all fairness few scientists make this claim anyway.

The problem is that the many individuals across many disciplines that employ radiocarbon dating as a dating device do not understand its nature or purpose. References: William Frank Libby and his team developed the principles of radiocarbon dating during the 1950s.

C14 is formed, albeit on a miniscule level, due to bombardments of cosmic rays that hit our planet, on a day-to-day basis, and interact with our atmosphere [5].

These rays strike the earth’s existing atoms and break them up leaving the neutrons of these atoms to float around our atmosphere.

Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5,730 ± 40 years— during the succeeding 5,730 years.

Because carbon-14 decays at this constant rate, an estimate of the date at which an organism died can be made by measuring the amount of its residual radiocarbon.These rogue carbon 14 isotopes, which are produced at a steady rate, are then oxidized and absorbed into the biosphere through the process of photosynthesis and the natural food chain [7].Consequently all living things incorporate the atmospheric ratio of C14 to C12 in their geographical area, which is maintained by their metabolic rate [8].They have masses of 13 and 14 respectively and are referred to as "carbon-13" and "carbon-14." If two atoms have equal numbers of protons but differing numbers of neutrons, one is said to be an "isotope" of the other.Carbon-13 and carbon-14 are thus isotopes of carbon-12.All three of these isotopes occur naturally in our atmosphere in the following proportions: C12 – 98.89%, C13 – 1.11% and C14 – 0.00000000010% [3].

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